The basis of conscious skincare is to know our skin type and choose the best active ingredients and skincare products accordingly. To determine our exact type and the skin problem we might have, it is advisable to consult a beautician that will provide us with the right information after a thorough skin diagnosis. It is important to note that skin types are usually combined and may be associated with certain sensitivities. Last but not least, our skin type might change with age and other influencing factors such as our lifestyle. But let’s take a look at the basic skin types! 


Normal skin
It’s very rare, and only typical at a young age. Has a fresh colour and is velvety to the touch. It might come with one or two comedones, but may also be comedo-free. If we have to treat this skin, our aim is to maintain its condition with the help of vitamins, minerals and hydration. Active ingredients like carotenoids, flavonoids, vitamins A-B-C, fruit sugars, fruit acids and pectins found in cherries, pears and apricots, will help in keeping the skin youthful and healthy. 


Seborrheic skin
Generally named oily skin, the seborrheic skin is known to have two types: the dandruffy seborrheic and the oily seborrheic skin.

Dandruffy seborrhoea starts at a young age, can last up to our forties, and it is associated with a superficial water deficiency. The seborrheic skin colour is pale and dull, and often becomes slightly oily by the end of the day. It is rough and flaky to the touch, with blackheads in the pores really difficult to squeeze out.

To treat this skin cosmetically, our aim is to remove the flakes that are about to fall off, normalise the sebaceous gland, restore proper hydration and thoroughly cleanse the skin. In this process, we can be helped out by the C-B-P vitamin rich rosehip, the spirulina algae, the excellent anti-inflammatory Ichtiol and by carotenoid and flavonoid-rich plants such as carrots, rowan, melon, cherry and sloe, among others. 

Oily seborrhea starts at a young age, and occurs with or without superficial water deficiency. The skin has a slimy feel and quickly becomes greasy, its pores are dilated, and contain easily squeezable mites. 

For this skin type, our basic treatment goal is to regulate the sebaceous glands, tighten the pores, increase the skin’s metabolism and ensure adequate hydration. Fruit acids found in apple and lemon, vitamin C-P-B rich rosehip, sulphur, ichthyol, spirulina algae and aloe can ensure the proper treatment of oily seborrheic skin.


Deep layer dehydrated skin
This skin is colloquially known as dehydrated skin. It appears with age, is pale and dull, also slightly rough to the touch and shows reduced elasticity. Its pores contain blackhead comedones that prove to be difficult to squeeze out. This skin condition is characterised by a lack of water in the deeper layers, which leads to the formation of wrinkles.

For treatment, red rose petals, caffeine, vitamin F, hyaluronic acid, hexapeptide, horseradish, yucca, and plants rich in flavonoids such as blackcurrant, elderberry, cantaloupe, also the resveratrol ensure the proper water retention and thus hydration. These elements and ingredients can also help the skin’s regeneration processes and play an important role in minimizing wrinkles.


Fat-lacking skin
Often referred to as dry skin, it also has the custom to appear with skin aging. It’s dull and shiny, has a tendency to flush, reacting to weather changes with redness, and feels rough to the touch. It can flake in a powdery manner, with occasional thread-like blackheads, but is often completely free of comedones.

The aim of the treatment of this skin is to remove the skin flakes that are about to fall off, and the gentle removal of comedones. It also needs to be moisturised, regenerated, soothed. Fat-replacement is also necessary. It’s proper nourishment can be provided by grapeseed cell, grapeseed oil, pumpkin, elderflower, blackberry, hyaluronic acid, carotenoids, probiotics and vitamin F.

Acneic skin
Acne skin is often referred to as a skin type, which is a misinformation, as it is not one of the basic skin types but a separate skin problem independent of types. Finding the root cause is important, as until the underlying cause is treated we can only treat it symptomatically and it will be a recurring problem. In all cases, it’s advised to consult your cosmetician who will help you to set up the right treatment and identify the real causes. For this skin problem, we suggest the use of our Rose Hip product family, or in a much more severe situation, our Sulfuric product family. 

Barbara Saliga

Ilcsi Beautifying Herbs